How do we understand the perceived fundamental opposition of the nomad and the State? What is the impact of prolonged conflict on the lives of nomads especially in theoretical and geographical grey zones such as borders and frontiers? How do we develop a sociological compliment to the often vague notions of state, rights and citizenship of such peoples? The concept as well as the disciplinary history of nomadic peoples and nomadism deserves academic scrutiny. Mobile peoples remain ignored in the academy, and hundreds of nomadic communities remain surprisingly invisible and unenumerated as citizens. Distinction between nomadic and sedentary communities is not always clear. While some groups exhibit a curious blend of city-state, tribe, others zealously guard their distinctiveness. Research on nomadism has endeavoured to identify and overcome the multiple biases that affect interpretations surrounding this area of study, the nature of pastoral nomadism as a cultural, ecological and economic adaptation with its diverse ramifications, gradual or abrupt sedentarisation, the repercussions of political changes around them, their intertwining with other sectors of a regional culture and economy, all, leading us to the juxtaposition of more traditional anthropological fieldwork against a more contemporary focus on the state and processes of governmentality.